As a landowner, you may automatically assume that you have the right to drill for oil or minerals on your property. The fact is, there's a lot of preparation and work that needs to go into drilling on your land, and understanding the process in advance can help make the whole thing easier for you to manage. Here are the three things that you will need to be attentive to before you can start to drill, no matter what you're drilling for.
The mapping stage involves making measurements and assessing the land surface. It's essential, because it builds the foundation of defining where the drilling will take place in accordance to the boundaries that exist. You'll be able to map out and define all of the land boundaries and property lines as well as the access route required for the equipment that will be coming in to drill. Some drilling operations need tens of acres of land to set up, so make sure you have enough space or you have permission from neighboring landowners before you bring the equipment in.
In addition, the mapping process helps to identify and define any differences in who owns the land and the minerals beneath the surface. Just because you own the land on the surface, that doesn't mean you have mineral rights. You need to draft the maps and research the property rights on file to be sure that you actually have mineral rights before you can drill.
If you're going to be using any property other than your own for setting up the drilling operation, you need to negotiate leasing and access through the affected property owners. Make sure that you create a lease that clearly defines the privileges they are being awarded, what right of way is being permitted, any structures they are allowed to erect, including cattle fences and other items, and any rights they are afforded to minerals and surface land while they're there.
If you do not have the mineral rights for the property, you may be able to negotiate a mineral lease that allows you to pay a certain percentage of all of the minerals extracted. Simply reach out to the rightsholder to find out what kind of lease agreement he or she may offer you so that you can get your drilling process started.
With all of this in place, all you need to do is get the final drilling permits from the local government offices and you'll be ready to break ground for your project. Contact a company, like 3 - Rivers, Inc., Drilling & Blasting, for more help.